Herodotus - The Histories
Herodotus of Halicarnassus was a Greek researcher and storyteller who lived around c. 484 BC to 425 BC.
He is generally regarded as the father of history and is best known for "The Histories".
"The Histories" investigate the reasons behind the Greco-Persian Wars in 490 BC and 480-479 BC, describe the expansion of the Achaemenid (Persian) empire and tells of the lands he visited during his travels around the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
The actual dates of the birth and death of Herodotus are not recorded, but by looking at what is in "The Histories" it can be assumed that he died no later than 413 BC and is known to have been still writing in 429 BC. Also in "The Histories" he does not mention being present at the Greco-Persian wars (480-479 BC) so we can assume his birth to have been somewhere in the 480s BC.
Over the years doubts have been cast on the veracity of "The Histories", however modern researchers tend to believe that overall it is a reasonably accurate depiction of the times.
"The Histories" were translated by George Rawlinson during 1858-1860 with assistance from Sir Henry Rawlinson and Sir John Gardiner. Although "The Histories" are today a single volume work they are traditionally divided into nine "books" which represent the original nine scrolls of the original work.
Book 1 - Clio
Book 2 - Euterpe
Book 3 - Thalia
Book 4 - Melpmene
Book 5 - Terpsichore
Book 6 - Erato
Book 7 - Polumnia
Book 8 - Urania
Book 9 - Calliope